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400 tonnes
15 billion US$

400 tonnes of gold, worth approximately US$ 15 billion, are extracted by artisanal and small-scale miners.

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With the

growing demand

for gold and the price rising globally, the number of people working in artisanal and small-scale mining is growing drastically.

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90% of the
labour force

Some 20–25 million artisanal and small-scale miners produce an estimated 15–25 % of the annual global demand for gold and account for 90% of the labour force in the field of gold extraction.

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cyanide &

In artisanal and small-scale mining cyanide and mercury are commonly used to extract the gold from the ore. Both are highly toxic and harmful for humans, as they damage the nervous system and the brain. When they are released into the ecosystem they contaminate soil and water, consequently entering the food supply chain.

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100 million

people depend, directly and indirectly on artisanal and small-scale mining for their livelihood.

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Convention 182

Mining is considered to involve the worst forms of child labour as defined by ILO Convention 182.

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